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Raku bindings to the libxml2 native library

[Raku LibXML Project] / [LibXML Module] / Text

class LibXML::Text

LibXML Text Nodes


use LibXML::Text;
# Only methods specific to Text nodes are listed here,
# see the LibXML::Node documentation for other methods

my LibXML::Text $text .= new: :$content; 
my Str $content = $;

# Stringy Interface
$ = $text-content;
my $substr    = $$offset, $length);
$   ~= $somedata ;                   # append
$$offset, 0) = $string;   # insert
$$offset, $length) = '';  # delete
$   ~~ s/$remstring//;               # delete once
$   ~~ s:g/$remstring//;             # delete all
$$offset, $length) = $string; # replace
$   ~~ s/(<[a..z]>)/-/;         # replace pattern
$   ~~ s:g/<[a..z]>/{$0.uc}/;   # replace pattern, all

# DOM Interface
$text.setData( $text-content );
$text.substringData($offset, $length);
$text.appendData( $somedata );
$text.insertData($offset, $string);
$text.deleteData($offset, $length);
$text.deleteDataString($remstring, :g);
$text.replaceData($offset, $length, $string);
$text.replaceDataString($old, $new, :g);


Unlike the DOM specification, LibXML implements the text node as the base class of all character data node. Therefore there exists no CharacterData class. This allows one to apply methods of text nodes also to Comments CDATA-sections and Processing instruction nodes.

The DOM methods are provided for compatibility with ported Perl code.

data provides a proxy to a rw string, which allows for idiomatic Raku string manipulation and update.


The class inherits from LibXML::Node. The documentation for Inherited methods is not listed here.

Many functions listed here are extensively documented in the DOM Level 3 specification ( Please refer to the specification for extensive documentation.

method new

method new( Str :$content ) returns LibXML::Text

The constructor of the class. It creates an unbound text node.

method data

method data() returns Str

Although there exists the nodeValue attribute in the Node class, the DOM specification defines data as a separate attribute. LibXML implements these two attributes not as different attributes, but as aliases, such as libxml2 does. Therefore




will have the same result and are not different entities.

method setData

method setData(Str $text) returns Str

This function sets or replaces text content to a node. The node has to be of the type “text”, “cdata” or “comment”.

method substringData

method substringData(UInt $offset, UInt $length) returns Str;

Extracts a range of data from the node. (DOM Spec) This function takes the two parameters $offset and $length and returns the sub-string, if available.

If the node contains no data or $offset refers to an non-existing string index, this function will return Str:U. If $length is out of range substringData will return the data starting at $offset instead of causing an error.

method appendData

method appendData( Str $somedata ) returns Str;

Appends a string to the end of the existing data. If the current text node contains no data, this function has the same effect as setData.

method insertData

method insertData(UInt $offset, UInt $string) returns Str;

Inserts the parameter $string at the given $offset of the existing data of the node. This operation will not remove existing data, but change the order of the existing data.

If $offset is out of range, insertData will have the same behaviour as appendData.

method deleteData

method deleteData(UInt $offset, UInt $length);

This method removes a chunk from the existing node data at the given offset. The $length parameter tells, how many characters should be removed from the string.

method deleteDataString

method deleteDataString(Str $remstring, Bool :$g);

This method removes a chunk from the existing node data. Since the DOM spec is quite unhandy if you already know which string to remove from a text node, this method allows more Rakuish code :)

The functions takes two parameters: $string and optional the :g flag. If :g is not set, deleteDataString will remove only the first occurrence of $string. If $g is TruedeleteDataString will remove all occurrences of $string from the node data.

method replaceData

method replaceData(UInt $offset, UInt $length, Str $string) returns Str;

The DOM style version to replace node data.

method replaceDataString

my subset StrOrRegex where Str|Regex;
my subset StrOrCode where Str|Code;
method replaceDataString(StrOrRegex $old, StrOrCode $new, *%opts);

The more programmer friendly version of replaceData() :)

Instead of giving offsets and length one can specify the exact string or a regular expression ($old) to be replaced. Additionally the :g option allows one to replace all occurrences of $old.

NOTE: This is a shortcut for

my $datastr = $ ~~ s/somecond/replacement/g; # 'g' is just an example for any flag

method splitText

method splitText(UInt $offset) returns LibXML::Text

Breaks this node into two nodes at the specified offset, keeping both in the tree as siblings. After being split, this node will contain all the content up to the offset point. A new text node containing all the content at and after the offset point, is returned.

2001-2007, Ltd.

2002-2006, Christian Glahn.

2006-2009, Petr Pajas.


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License 2.0